Trauma is an emotional response to an event viewed as physically or emotionally threatening or harmful. Trauma can create emotional effects both immediately after the event and in the long term.
Trauma can lead to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and vicarious trauma. PTSD can develop when symptoms due to the traumatic event continue or increase over time. Vicarious trauma, or secondary trauma, can occur when a person develops trauma symptoms in response to being in close contact with someone that experienced a traumatic event.
Approximately 1 in 13 people in the U.S. will develop PTSD at some point in their life.